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Minggu, 17 November 2013

FINLANDIA, Negara dengan Sistem Pendidikan Terbaik di Dunia.

Apa yang akan kamu jawab pertama kali ketika kamu ditanya tentang negara apa yang memiliki sistem pendidikan terbaik di dunia ini? Kemungkinan besar kau akan menjawab Amerika, Inggris, Jerman atau Jepang. Negara-negara maju seperti Amerika, Inggris, Jerman dan Jepang memang memiliki tingkat pendidikan yang tinggi, namun tahukan kamu ternyata saat ini dunia tengah menjadikan Finlandia sebagai kiblat dalam sistem pengelolaan pendidikan? Mengapa bisa begitu?




Dimana daya tariknya sistem pendidikan di Finlandia dengan negara-negara lainnya khususnya Indonesia? Jawabannya adalah di kemandirian siswa dan gurunya. Di Finlandia kemandirian dalam mengikuti proses belajar mengajar itu tidak hanya dinikmati oleh guru-gurunya yang begitu dihormati tetapi juga ditularkan kepada para pelajar melalui berbagai kesempatan-kesempatan penting. Salah satunya dimana setiap pelajar diberi otonomi khusus untuk menentukan jadwal ujiannya untuk mata pelajaran yang menurutnya sudah dia kuasai.

Fantastiknya, dalam evaluasi belajar, angka ketidak lulusan secara nasional tidak pernah melebihi 2 persen pertahunnya. Finlandia juga tidak mengenal istilah ujian semester apalagi ujian nasional layaknya ditanah air.

Lantas, bagaimana guru -guru di Finlandia? Guru-guru Finlandia adalah lulusan terbaik setiap perguruan tinggi dan mereka harus masuk dalam kelompok 10 besar lulusan terbaik. Jika tidak, jangan pernah bermimpi jadi guru di negeri ini. Bahkan, menurut salah satu sumber yang saya ambil, salah satu persyaratan gurunya yaitu harus bergelar MASTER, bukan bachelor degree.



Itulah sebabnya guru-guru di Finlandia betul-betul berdedikasi tinggi.Apakah gajinya besar? TIDAK. Guru-guru Finlandia justru digaji dengan gaji secukupnya bahkan bisa dikatakan kurang memadai. –jadi merasa miris melihat kondisi  guru di negeri kita, sudah dapat tunjangan profesi, tapi masih belum bisa meningkatkan etos kerja yang nyata-
Lalu, apakah mereka protes dengan gaji sedikit? Jawabannya lagi-lagi TIDAK. Justru mereka begitu menikmati profesinya, hal ini karena mayoritas masyarakat Finlandia begitu menghormati dan menghargai profesi seorang guru.



Di Finlandia hanya ada guru-guru dengan kualitas terbaik dengan pelatihan terbaik pula. Profesi guru sendiri adalah profesi yang sangat dihargai, meski gaji mereka tidaklah fantastis. Lulusan sekolah menengah terbaik biasanya justru mendaftar untuk dapat masuk di sekolah-sekolah pendidikan, dan hanya 1 dari 7 pelamar yang bisa diterima. Persaingannya bahkan lebih ketat daripada masuk ke fakultas hukum atau kedokteran !

Dibawah ini beberapa hal yang mungkin bisa ditiru dari sistem pendidikan di Finlandia, yaitu :


1.  Anak Finlandia tidak memulai sekolah sampai usia mereka 7 Thn. ( Bandingkan dengan para orangtua di Indonesia justru bangga anaknya sekolah pada usia dibawah usia 7 tahun. bahkan dengan beben pembelajaran yang berat.)
2.     Tidak di bebani Ujian dan PR, sampai menjelang usia mereka remaja.
3.   Anak-anak tidak diukur sama sekali selama enam tahun pertama pendidikan mereka. ( Pada sistem pendidikan kita , Murid SD sampai stress karena sering ditakuti Pihak sekolah, dengan seabreg Ujian, Padahal terkadang anak sering tidak diajar ).
4.     Hanya ada satu tes standar wajib di Finlandia, yang diambil ketika anak-anak berusia 16 Tahun. ( Bandingkan dengan sistem ujian ujian di SMP dan  SMA, Ditambah UN, bukan saja membuat Lembaga pendidikan tidak jujur, Anak hanya dihargai Otaknya saja, Minus bakat dan Minat,)
5.     Tidak ada Kelas Unggulan,semua kemampuan berada pada kelas yang sama. Dan terbukti akhirnya RSBI /RSI di indonesia oleh MK dicabut keberadaanya, karena akan tercipta kasta kasta baru dalam dunia pendidikan.
6.     Finlandia menghabiskan sekitar 30 persen lebih untuk biaya pendidikan  per siswa mengungguli  Amerika Serikat.
30 persen anak-anak menerima bantuan tambahan selama sembilan tahun pertama mereka sekolah.
7.     66 persen siswa masuk ke perguruan tinggi. Dan tertinggi di Eropa
8.     Nyaris semua siswa memilki kemampuan akademis yang merata
9.     Kelas sains maksimal 16 siswa sehingga mereka dapat melakukan eksperimen praktis dalam setiap kelas
10. 93 persen masyarakat Finlandia lulus dari SMA.bahkan17,5  peresen lebih tinggi dari AS
11.   43 persen dari Finlandia siswa sekolah menengah pergi ke sekolah kejuruan.
12. Siswa SD mendapatkan 75 menit dari istirahat sehari di Finlandia dibandingkan rata-rata 27 menit di Amerika Serikat.
13.     Guru hanya menghabiskan 4 jam sehari di dalam kelas, dan mengambil 2 jam seminggu untuk “pengembangan profesional.”

14. Finlandia memiliki jumlah  guru sebanyak di  New York City, namun siswa jauh lebih sedikit. Dengan perbandingan 600.000 siswa di finlandia dengan 1,1 juta di NYC.
                     

Sebagai calon pendidik dan agents of change, apa ambisimu untuk memajukan pendidikan di negeri ini???





         




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